On Aug. 12, 2000 the first major Russian naval exercise took place in a very long time. Kursk was loaded with 24 SS-N-19/P-700 Granit 'Shipwreck' cruise missiles and 24 torpedoes. Due to faulty welding on a 65-76 'Kit' practice torpedo, an explosion of high-test peroxide occurred involving five to seven torpedo warheads, causing the sub to sink 175 km off the coast of Severomorsk. The disaster killed all 118 personnel on board, including the submarine captain Leonid Lyachin.
On Aug. 22, President Vladimir Putin issued an executive order declaring Aug. 23 a day of mourning.
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