In the cold Russian climate, hot and comforting beverages are indispensable. Sbiten, vzvar and dusheparka are recipes from the past, but they still go down well today. And it is easy to make them at home.
1. Sbiten Tayozhny
Sbiten Tayozhny with lingonberries.
Sbiten appeared in Russian cuisine in the 12th century. It was particularly popular in the 18th-19th centuries before tea and coffee became widespread. Sbiten was made either alcohol-free or alcoholic with the use of wine. It was sold at fairs, in taverns and on the street. Sbiten vendors served the beverage from enormous copper samovars that they carried on their back wrapped in heat-retaining fabric.
Initially, sbiten was prepared in two pots - honey was dissolved in one and spices infused in the other. Then the contents of the two were mixed and "beaten" together, giving the drink its name (derived from the Russian verb "sbivat" - to beat, to whisk).
It is a thick beverage with a concentrated berry flavor. In the past it had to simmer for up to two hours; nowadays, half an hour will suffice. It is usually accompanied by baranki or sushki (two types of ring-shaped dry bread rolls that are briefly cooked in boiling water before being baked, a sushka being smaller in size than a baranka), bubliki (similar to bagels), krendeli (similar to pretzels) or kalachi (ring-shaped white bread rolls). If you have a sweet tooth, you will enjoy it with pryaniki (gingerbread). It can be served hot in winter and cold in summer, and thanks to its slightly sour taste, it is a great thirst-quencher.
Ingredients (for 3-4 servings):
- Water - 1 l
- Honey - 100 g
- Sugar - 3 tbsp (optional)
- Lingonberries - 250 g (cranberries can be used as an alternative)
- Cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, bay leaf, allspice - to taste
- St. John's wort or other herbs - 20 g (optional)
- Pine syrup - 250 ml (optional)
2. Vzvar of stewed prunes and pears
Vzvar of stewed prunes and pears.
A vzvar is a stewed infusion of fruit, berries and herbs. Vzvary are most commonly made of cranberries, lingonberries or apples, and the apples can be fresh, dried or soused. Mint, currant leaves, thyme and other aromatic herbs can be used.
The name comes from the Russian verbs "varit" (to cook, simmer) and "zavarivat" (to steep, infuse). The recipe calls for the dried fruit to be steeped, not cooked. Only honey is added - not sugar.
Ingredients (for 4-5 servings):
- Water - 1.5 l
- Dried apples - 100 g
- Pear - 1
- Dried prunes - 250-300 g
- Honey - 1 tbsp
- Cloves - 3
Dusheparka with cranberries.
This ancient Russian berry- and honey-based low-alcohol drink originated in the Yaroslavl Region. Dusheparka is enjoyed hot. The name, which is suggestive of the Russian words "dushuparit" (it can be loosely translated as "steam for the soul"), comes from its warming effect.
Dusheparka has a sourish-astringent taste because of the sourness of the berries, and there is also a "pepperiness" from the spices and a slight bitterness from the beer.
Ingredients (for 3 servings):
- Dark beer - 0.5 l
- Runny honey - 150 ml
- Cranberries, lingonberries or blackcurrants - 250 g
- Semi-sweet red wine - 200 ml
- Spices (ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, allspice, St. John's wort) - to taste
- Sugar - 3 tbsp or to taste
If you want a milder flavor, pale beer can be substituted for dark, and the quantity of honey doubled.
READ MORE: When did Russians start drinking coffee?
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